A “Separation” which brought united admirable critics

As per critics, in The Sun-Herald, Sydney Newspaper by Andrew L.Urban it is a rare achievement for a foreign language film to be nominated for a best original screenplay Oscar but it’s not hard to see why a Separation has that distinction, as well as numerous other nominations and awards not limited to Golden globe 2012 and recently Cesar Award.

Family, culture, religion and daily survival are the ingredients of the story, which seems at first to be a family drama, a conflict about the future of a couple’s 11 year old child, Terme ( Farhadi). Simin ( Leila Hatami) the mother is desperate to give her the opportunities offered “ abroad” – where abroad is not specified. Nor does filmmaker Asghar Farhadi provide her with an answer when Simin is asked by an official why her daughter is disadvantaged growing up in Iran. He doesn’t have to; we know as do Iranians. Emigration and women are the two main themes that form this brilliant movie which has made a very touching story for Iranians and caused admiration of non-Iranian audiences.

A Separation is a film that provides a non-judgmental insight into the kind of everyday scenario that can ignite fires of mistrust and hatred between neighbors- whether they are families or nations, Andrew Urban says. No body really sets out to do bad things but they happen and they are made worse by lies and omissions, fear, prejudice and contempt. Keeping all these in mind, the story starts in the court where Simin wants to justify her reasons to get divorce.

In one hand, it is showing how women’s decision are being affected by husbands in a male dominant society and due to Shari’a rules where women need the permission of husband to leave the country, and having justifying reason, as Shari’a rules defines, to get divorce . It does not matter whether she is educated and is financially independent or not.

It points out women and their issues, their inequalities they are in struggle with, and Islamic rules which  let them do not leave the country without permission of husband, nor having the right to fostering their child.

On the other hand, migration and leaving Iran is also main apprehension in Iranian society these days. Queue of visa applicant in front of embassies like Canada, Australia, and Sweden not limited to developed countries but even new trend of migration to Tajikistan to aim better job opportunities and studying in higher degrees witnesses the high tendency between Iranians to leave the country.

Dr.Nader Wahabi believes that there have been 10 migration waves during the last 30 years, the first wave was political migrants, second wave consisted of Socio-Cultural migrations, third one was mainly because of financial and economic situation and the fourth and fifth migration wave was among those Iranians in religiously minor community like Christian, Jewish , Kurds, Baluchs and … . The sixth wave which is increasing daily is due to pursue higher education in other countries. Limited business opportunities were the reason for the seventh migration wave when businessmen did not find Iran a good place for investments. Artists have been the second migrant community who are significant number in Iranian immigrant. The ninth migration, as Dr. Wahabi says : belongs to governors who had political or governmental positions back to 1980s but are now being  rejected and driven away from government. The tenth migration reason was due to natural disasters like Bam earthquake. Now we have almost 3.5 to 4.5 million Iranian migrants who are scattered in 5 continents all over the world.

February 26, 2012 · Maryam Khazaeli · Comments Closed
Posted in: Art and Culture, Social Life, Women