Tehran;Decentrilized or Devasted?

By : Ali Eskandari

Capital cities are generally known as the main,major,modern, the most populated, the most polluted and the most important cities in countries. These cities usually are the heart of political, economical, industrial, social and cultural affairs of their countries and these characteristics are somehow attractive for the majority of people to benefit from the vast capacities and also eye-catcher for whom which like the big cities’ life style. Most of the times, aforesaid factors, lead to a massive rural-to-city immigration which gradually will cause a considerable problem that is known as overcrowded situation; and capital cities are more likely to reach this situation due to their attractions.

According to Tehran Municipality Media Tehran weather was not clean even for one compelete day, in which senior citizens and children are suggested not to come out of the home. This and many other events proves that Tehran, with more than 10 million populations during the working hours, considering those who come from near cities, is overcrowded and do not have the capacity to welcome more people. But what encourages people from other cities to immigrate to Tehran ? Lots of amenities are gathered in it, while other cities, especially small ones, are in lack of primary amenities like theatres, amusing places, and training centers and … It seems reasonable when a large population demand to move to Tehran to benefit from.

Here is the question: What is the solution for overcrowded cities? Some critics believe that decentralization could be a way out. There are a lot of countries which had moved their capital city or have done a decentralization to give their other different cities different duties; the capital of Iran, Tehran, is about 3 years that is in struggle with decentralization plan. After suggesting some cities like Esfahan, Mashhad, Shiraz and even Araak, the second most polluted city in Iran, which were considered of having Tehran’s condition to become the next capital city, decisions finally to the effect that not to move the capital city but to transfer some of its ministries to other proper cities.

 This needs employees to move to those cities which a specific ministry would be relocated, thus the government to inspire its employees presented some beneficiary facilities like, cheap lands to buy, housing loans and registering in a housing project which would give them some inexpensive flats in that towns called “Maskan e Mehr”. Now, after about three years not only none of the ministries have not transferred but also those employees who had immigrated to other cities have faced dozen of obstacles to obtain their rights let alone benefit from those promised facilities.

Do we necessarily need such this decentralization plan or any others ? What if  people living in other cities were provided with adequate facilities, amenities and job opportunities to oppose the migration matter; and there are plenty of strategies to prepare these kinds of facilities. Each city of Iran has its own potential to attract tourist and create new job opportunities. North or south, east or west each region in Iran can be an attractive pole to host nature lovers or historical researchers, but the question is that how successful they are in keeping their citizens satisfied and why these simple obvious ideas does not come into action ?

May 9, 2011 · Maryam Khazaeli · Comments Closed
Tags: , , , ,  · Posted in: Environment, Social Life